Industrial communication networks. Fieldbus specifications. Part 4-12: Data-link layer protocol specification. Type 12 elements (IEC 61158-4-12:2019)
1.1 General The data-link layer provides basic time-critical messaging communications between devices in an automation environment. This protocol provides communication opportunities to all participating data-link entities a) in a synchronously-starting cyclic manner, and b) in a cyclic or acyclic asynchronous manner, as requested each cycle by each of those data-link entities. Thus this protocol can be characterized as one which provides cyclic and acyclic access asynchronously but with a synchronous restart of each cycle. 1.2 Specifications This document specifies a) procedures for the transfer of data and control information from one data-link user entity to one or more user entity; b) the structure of the DLPDUs used for the transfer of data and control information by the protocol of this document, and their representation as physical interface data units. 1.3 Procedures The procedures are defined in terms of a) the interactions between DL-entities (DLEs) through the exchange of DLPDUs; b) the interactions between a DL-service (DLS) provider and a DLS-user in the same system through the exchange of DLS primitives; c) the interactions between a DLS-provider and the MAC services of ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-3. 1.4 Applicability These procedures are applicable to instances of communication between systems which support time-critical communications services within the data-link layer of the OSI reference model, and which require the ability to interconnect in an open systems interconnection environment. Profiles provide a simple multi-attribute means of summarizing an implementation’s capabilities, and thus its applicability to various time-critical communications needs. 1.5 Conformance This document also specifies conformance requirements for systems implementing these procedures. This part of this document does not contain tests to demonstrate compliance with such requirements.
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